*TM 5-810-4/AFM 88-8, Chap. 3
AFTERCOOLER AND SEPARATOR
t-rise = degrees F, water temperature rise.
An after cooler complete with moisture separator to condense
ports, keep the temperature of cooling water entering cylin-
and remove water vapor and oil vapor will be used. After-
der jackets 15 degrees F, above the dew point of the
coolers should be air-cooled type or water cooled type to best
incoming air. This can be accomplished by circulating water
suit installation and economic requirements. Air is cooled to
through the intercooler first, and then piping the same water
below its dew point in the after cooler, and the condensed
through the cylinder jackets. An alternate method is to reduce
water and oil are then removed by the moisture separator and
the water supply to the cylinder jackets. The compressor
automatic moisture trap. The after cooler and separator will
manufacturer should be consulted to verify the cooling water
be located between the compressor and air dryer or receiver,
requirements for cooling compressor cylinder jackets.
as close to the compressor as possible. Water cooled
aftercoolers should be protected against freezing. As a
general rule, a differential of 15 degrees F should be
maintained between the temperature of the cooling water
entering and the air temperature leaving the aftercooler.
An adequate waterflow through the intercooler, cylinder
jacket, and aftercooler is required for cooling the compressor,
cooling the compressed air, and for moisture removal. A
waterflow sensing control (flow switch) is needed wich
verifies that sufficient cooling water is flowing before the
compressor is allowed to start. Water for the aftercooler for
liquid seal rotary compressors should be piped in series with
the compressor. Waterflow, prior to startup, for rotary screw
compressors and rotary lobe compressors is not required.
Piping will be designed to conform to the manufacturer*s
recommendations. A strainer or filter should be used in the
piping system to reduce fouling of the cooler system com-
a. Heat dissipation from intercoolers, cylinder jackets,
and aftercoolers is listed in table 5-1.
b. The amount of cooling water required for intercoolers,
cylinder jackets, and aftercoolers may be determined as
gpm = gallons of water flow per minute.