WATER CONSERVATION PLANNING
Developing a Water Conservation Plan. Presented below
are steps for the development of a water conservation plan. For
an in-depth discussion of water conservation programs, refer to
Evaluating Urban Water Conservation Programs: A Procedures Manual
(refer to references). Following these steps will assist you in
complying with the requirements of Executive Order 12902, as well
as introducing your facility to the long-term benefits of water
and utility savings and efficiency.
Step 1 - Analyze Water Usage. The first step, as
discussed earlier, is to determine where and how much water is
used on your installation. The method used to accomplish this is
the facility water audit, or simply "water audit."
The Prioritization Survey. The facility water audit
should not be confused with the "prioritization survey" described
in EO 12902. The EO 12902 prioritization survey is performed at
the agency level. It is an assessment of the overall picture of
water use and losses within DoD. It targets installations for
facilities for comprehensive audits. The water audit, on the
other hand, is a detailed study conducted at the facility level
and is specific for that facility.
The Facility Water Audit. A comprehensive facility
water audit is the process by which all water-consuming equipment
at a facility is monitored to determine water usage, water
losses, and the costs associated with each. The types and
condition of the equipment are also determined. The survey
results allow you, the facility manager, to make informed and
appropriate decisions about implementing cost-effective water
conservation measures. In short, a water audit allows you to
identify, quantify, and verify your facility's water use.
Besides being a requirement set forth in the Executive Order, an
audit is beneficial for determining and reducing water losses,
increasing knowledge of the facility's distribution system, and
achieving financial savings. Figure 8 shows the general parts of
a water audit.