Clay Filters. If tankage is not available for
handling of surfactant contaminated fuels at marine receiving
facilities, consider providing clay filters in addition to
other filtration equipment selected.
Special Considerations for Aviation Turbine Fuels.
Provide a means of inbound filtration for aviation turbine
fuel. This is normally a filter/separator as described in
Section 4 of this handbook. However, the selection of
filtration depends on anticipated impurities. Consider the
use of prefilters, micronic filters, cyclonic filters, and
haypack filters as possible filtration devices.
WEATHER SHEDS. Provide adequate shelter for
personnel, as well as for spill containment booms, absorbent
material, and other weather-sensitive equipment.
SAFETY SHOWERS AND EYE-WASH FOUNTAINS. Provide
safety shower and eye-wash fountain. Provide a means to seal
shutoff valve in the open position. This will ensure
operation in an emergency, yet allow for servicing a single
shower without shutting off potable water to the whole pier.
Design for freeze protection in climates subject to freezing.
Install safety showers and eyewash fountains in accordance
with ANSI Z358.1.
TRAFFIC BOLLARDS. Provide traffic bollards to
protect fueling piping and equipment on piers and wharves.
Utilize concrete-filled steel pipe of minimum 4-inch (100 mm)
diameter and 4-foot (1.2 m) height, embedded in concrete or
welded to a steel plate mounted on the structure.
a) Provide an intercept system to collect oil
spills. Place pipes on piers in a containment trench with a
drain system independent of the deck drainage. Provide
containment also for loading arms and risers. Provide locking
valves in normally closed positions on all containment areas
along with sump pumps or other means of removing the spilled
fuel to a collection point or tank.