Facility Configurations. In general, for control
and safety, separate the three types of filling stations. For
a relatively small installation or one on which there is a
limited amount of activity expected at one time, it may not be
practical to provide totally separate facilities. In those
cases, separate the functions as much as possible to minimize
mixing traffic of commercial-type vehicles from tactical
vehicles and, more importantly, from mixing refuelers which
are being loaded with relatively large quantities of fuel from
other vehicles which are being fueled for their own engine.
Shelters. For staffed facilities, provide a shelter
for personnel, records, and tools.
Design must comply with NFPA 30, NFPA
30A, and API RP 1615.
Bottom Loading. The bottom loading of refuelers is
required if the refuelers are equipped for it. However, there
are refuelers which are not equipped for bottom loading and
which will be in inventory for several years. Therefore,
consult Service Headquarters to determine if tactical refueler
fill stands should be designed for top loading, bottom
loading, or both.
STORAGE TANKS. Section 8, Atmospheric Storage
Tanks, contains information on aboveground and underground
storage tanks. For filling station facilities underground,
horizontal tanks are preferred. However, if local
environmental requirements or other mitigating circumstances
preclude them, aboveground tanks are allowed.
Refer to Section 9 of this
Consumptive Use Filling Stations
Fuel Dispensers. Use a commercially available
dispenser with a self-contained electric motor and pumping
unit or a remote pumping type where the pump and motor are
located in the storage tank. If an in-tank type of pump is
used, ensure that it is equipped with a reduced start volume
as a leak check. Provide a meter for each dispenser. Flow