Dikes, berms, or retaining walls sufficiently impervious to contain
Weirs, booms, or other barriers.
Spill diversion ponds.
The SPCC Plan, in addition to a discussion of the method used as the minimal
prevention standard, should include a complete discussion of conformance to the
following listed guidelines, or if more strict, local regulations.
a) Facility Drainage. Drainage from the diked areas should be restrained
by valves to prevent spill or leakage from entering into the drainage system unless it
is designed to handle such leakage. Valves used for drainage should open and close only
b) Bulk Storage Tanks. All bulk storage tank installations should be
constructed so that a secondary means of containment is provided for the entire contents
c) Inspection. A procedure for inspection should be incorporated in the
plan. A record of the inspection, signed by the appropriate supervisor or inspector,
should be made a part of the plan and maintained for a period of 3 years.
d) Security. All plants which handle, process, and store oil should be
fully fenced, and entrance gates should be locked and guarded when the plant is not in
production or is unattended. The master flow and drain valves, and any other valves
permitting outward flow from the tanks, should be securely locked in the closed
position. Facility lighting should be commensurate with the type and location of the
facility, and consideration should be given to discovery of spills during darkness and
prevention of vandalism.
e) Personnel Training. Each applicable facility should have a designated
person who is accountable for oil spill prevention and who reports to line management.