Section 4. GENERAL SAFETY PRACTICES
Safety. To prevent mishaps, facilities engineer and electrical maintenance
personnel are required to have a general understanding of electrical safety and an awareness of
electrical hazards in transmission and distribution maintenance work.
4.1.1 Use. Use the information to remind you of the safety requirements of the
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), NAVFAC 5100.11, NAVFACENCOM
Safety and Health Program, OPNAVINST 5100.23, Navy Occupational Safety and Health
(NAVOSH) Program Manual, and OPNAVINST 5100.24, Navy System Safety Program. Also
refer to OPNAV 11310.3, Operation and Maintenance of Shore-to-Ship Power and NAVFAC
11300.37A, Energy and Utility Policy Manual.
4.1.2 Construction. All Naval activities are required to comply with the latest OSHA
standards of 29 CFR 1926, Subpart V, Power Transmission and Distribution.
4.1.3 Qualifying Personnel. All personnel working on or near Naval activities'
electrical power generation, control, transformation, transmission, and distribution lines and
equipment should demonstrate a complete working knowledge of all elements of the applicable
sections of OSHA standard 29 CFR 1910.269, Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and
4.1.4 Application. In following the safety precautions of this handbook and of OSHA
or other references herein, the most stringent requirement will apply.
4.1.5 Unique Requirements. All workers qualified to provide shore power to Navy
ships are required to comply with shore-to-ship safety requirements. Ship's services are
ungrounded systems that meet the design requirements of OSHA standard 29 CFR 1910.304
Design Safety Standards for Electrical Systems.
Job Hazards. Awareness of job hazards is the key to mishap prevention.
4.2.1 Accessibility. The more accessible and protected the work area the less hazards
that will confront the worker. Where access items are required comply with OSHA standard 29
CFR 1910.269(h), Ladders, Platforms, Step Bolts, and Manhole Steps.
Inside Work. Inside work may require special protective apparel, especially if
hazardous substances are present. Ladders or scaffolds may be used and workers should then
conform to applicable elevated position work requirements.
At Grade Work. At grade work may require protection from the weather and
also work area protection from the public if not suitably fenced or otherwise guarded.