12 December 2001
Table 5-16 Factors Affecting Location, Size, and Depth of Anchorage Basins
Requirement and Comment
Locate near entrance, away from channels,
out of traffic, and in shelter. The area should
be isolated, insofar as possible, from attack by
surface or subsurface craft.
Locate in area of sufficient natural depth to
Area should be free from strong currents.
The area should be accessible to fresh water,
fuel, and fleet recreation facilities. Shore
facilities shall be provided to accommodate
liberty parties, mail, light freight, and baggage.
Where possible, locate over a bottom of loose
sand or gravel, clay, or soft coral. Avoid
locations where the bottom consists of rock,
hard gravel, deep mud, and deep silt.
Anchorage areas should be free of cables and
pipelines and cleared of wrecks and
Leave provision for future expansion.
Size and Depth
Sizes of individual free-swinging moorings and
of spread moorings for floating drydocks are
contained in Tables 5-17, 5-18, and 5-19. Use
free-swinging moorings where available area
will permit. Where available area is limited,
use fixed moorings or moorings in which the
swing of the vessel is restricted. Various types
of restricted moorings are described in DM