28 July 2005
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
This UFC contains descriptions and design criteria for pier and wharf construction, including
subsidiary, contiguous, and auxiliary structures. Loading details, regulations, furnishings,
appurtenances, and other information are discussed when applicable. This UFC provides
minimum facility planning and design criteria for efficient homeporting facilities of Naval
vessels. Existing ports, facilities, and berths may not meet all criteria and may therefore,
perform less efficiently, but do not necessarily require upgrade. This UFC focuses on the
entire homeport operation. For example, ships will visit fueling and ammunition piers for short
periods, but generally berth at general purpose berthing piers.
An important consideration that often comes up has to do with differentiation between
homeports and ports of call. Basically, a homeport for a specific ship has been identified as
such by Commander Fleet Forces Command and is listed in the Naval Register,
services required by the ship to include the full compliment of hotel services. In contrast, a
port of call would be any port where a ship stops along the way other than its homeport, or a
stop at a fueling pier, an ammunition pier, a supply pier, or a repair pier. The only real
requirements for a port of call would be that it has sufficient dredge depth and that it provides
secure mooring. Ship does not go cold iron in port of call and uses its organic systems.
However, local determinations and justifications can warrant adding specific features at ports
of call. Many of the new classes of ships have concepts of operations and special mission
requirements that have resulted in making accommodations at ports in forward operating areas
that ordinarily would not be required, i.e. hotel services. These are handled on a case-by-case
basis and driven by operational requirements. Generally, piers and wharves provide:
Berths with sufficient dredge depths for vessels.
Secure mooring for vessels berths.
Transfer points for cargo and/or passengers between water carriers and land
Facilities for fitting-out, refit or repair; and specialized functions.
Piers and wharves are grouped into four (4) primary types as follows:
Type I Fueling, Ammunition, and Supply.