28 July 2005
Trucks and Other Vehicles.
A variety of service trucks and vehicles can be expected to use piers and
wharves for moving personnel, cargo, containers, and supplies to and from the
ships. The width provided must take into account operation and maneuvering of
such vehicles. Turnaround areas should be provided.
Sheds and Buildings.
Pier and wharf deck is usually too expensive an area for storage sheds, which
should therefore be located on land to be cost-effective. Storage sheds and
buildings of any kind should be kept off piers and wharves unless their location
can be justified by security considerations. Transit sheds may be considered on
piers and wharves where a suitable upland area is not available. When used on
a pier, the transit shed should be located along the centerline with clear aprons
on both sides consistent with the requirements set forth herein but not less than
20 ft (6.1m) or more wide. On wharves, transit sheds and support buildings
should be located on the land side edge with a clear apron toward the waterside.
In general, support buildings on piers and wharves should be kept as small as
feasible and located away from high-activity areas for least interference.
Movable Containers and Trailers.
During active berthing of ships, various containers of different sizes are
temporarily or permanently located on pier deck to support the operations.
These include shipyard toolboxes, garbage dumpsters, training trailers, and
supply trucks. Adequate deck space should be available for locating and
accessing these containers and trailers.
Retain and mark, with a painted yellow line, a 15-foot-wide (4.6 m) unobstructed
fire lane. Provide a marked (with dashed, painted yellow lines) 2.5-foot wide (0.8
m) "dual use" buffer on both sides of the 15-foot-wide (4.6 m) unobstructed fire
lane. Local enforcement would keep this area clear enabling a total available fire
lane width of 20 feet. However, encroachment into the "dual use" buffer by
cranes is acceptable. Any other encroachment into the "dual use" buffer will be
handled on a case-by-case basis. For wharves, provide a 20-foot-wide (6.1 m)
unobstructed fire lane immediately adjacent to the operating area. These
requirements need not be applied to small craft or yard craft piers.
The following background is necessary to understand the reasoning for the
current fire lane width specified for Navy piers. In 1994 a local recommendation
was made at Naval Station Norfolk to increase the fire lane width from 12-feet to
15-feet, (3.7 m to 4.6 m) allowing for one-way traffic and some adjacent working
area. This recommendation was endorsed at NAVFAC headquarters and
Change 3 was issued to Mil-Hdbk 1025/1 Piers and Wharves, which stated: