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based on a tidal range of 8 ft (2.4 m). The primary function of the system
is to provide throughput of containerized cargo over the surfzone offloaded
from lighterage at the pierhead, which is carried by trucks to the beach.
Construction of the pier system is accomplished in a cantilever fashion
from one constructed 40-ft (12.2 m) section to the next, from the beach out
to the pierhead over the surfzone with no construction equipment
operating from platforms on the water. The ELCAS(M) system is intended
to assist Marine Corps and Joint Service Expeditionary Force logistics
support requirements, specifically through Joint Logistics Over the Shore
(JLOTS), Logistics Over the Shore (LOTS), or Amphibious Assault Follow-
on Echelon (AFOE) operations by providing suitable port facility for the
transfer of containerized cargo from displacement-type lighters.
Construction, operation and maintenance of the ELCAS(M) system is
described and illustrated in the NAVFAC MT-NCBC-EL(M)-001 manual.
h. The Amphibious Bulk Liquid Transfer System (ABLTS) is a self-
contained fuel and water system capable of deploying 10,000 feet of 6-
inch fuel hose line and 4-in (100 mm) water hose line from a designated
ship to an ABLTS Beach Interface Unit (BIU) ashore. Forces ashore or
using service will interface shoreward to the ABLTS BIU with their ashore
bulk fuel and water systems.
ABLTS consists of three primary subsystems:
6-in (152 mm) fuel subsystem (contained on two hose reels that
each support 5,000 ft (1524 m) of 6-in (150 mm) hose line).
4-in (102 mm) water subsystem (contained on one hose reel that
supports 10,000 ft (3048 m) of 4-in (100 mm) hose line).
Collateral equipment (mostly contained in two 20-ft (6.1 m) ISO
ABLTS is designed to be deployed from NL and INLS causeways. ABLTS
is forward deployed with the Military Sealift Force (MPF) ships. ABLTS
can also be transported by truck, rail, and air on C-5 or C-130 aircraft.
Installation, operation and maintenance of the ABLTS system is described
and illustrated in the NAVFAC MT-ABL-001 manual.
Where an existing pier or wharf has to be replaced in active naval stations, the
floating type has the advantage of minimizing the "downtime." Conventional
construction may take too long where the loss of berths cannot be tolerated. The
floating type in such situations may turn out to be the most expedient.