28 July 2005
APPENDIX B GLOSSARY
Breasting Dolphin A freestanding independent structure that a vessel will bear
against when current, wind or berthing motion moves the ship into the pier or wharf.
Breasting Dolphins are typically equipped with energy absorbing fender systems and
are pile supported or solid fill structures.
Bullrail A wide low curb along the outboard edge of the pier or wharf. The bullrail
may be cast-in-place concrete, steel or timber. Bullrails may be fixed or removable.
Mooring hardware is often mounted on top of the bullrail.
Camel A floating structure used to separate a moored vessel from the pier or wharf.
Camels are used with ships that have hull configurations that do not match well with
typical pier or wharf fender systems, such as, submarines or where vessels require an
offset from the pier or wharf due to deck or superstructure overhangs such as an aircraft
Cold Iron Used
to describe the condition
of a ship
when all shipboard boilers,
engines, and generators are inoperative during repairs or due to intentional shutdown
and can furnish none of the ship's required services.
Dolphins A free standing pile supported or solid filled structure used for mooring and
berthing vessels, protection of the end of piers or wharves, turning ships, or protection
of bridge substructure.
Drydocks A specialized facility used for the repair of ships where the vessel is
removed from the water or placed within a lock and the water is removed leaving the
ship in the dry to facilitate repairs.
Fenders Energy absorbing devices used on the face of a pier, wharf or dolphin to
protect the ship and shore facility from damage due to contact between the two during
berthing and mooring.
Homeport - Port for a specific ship that has been identified as such by Commander
The homeport is where the ship is assigned and offers all requisite services required by
the ship to include the full compliment of hotel services.
Hotel Services Dockside utilities provided for a ship at a berth (also called ships
services, utility services, and cold iron services).
Lighterage - Small craft designed to transport cargo or personnel from ship to shore.
Lighterage includes amphibians, landing craft, discharge lighters, causeways, and
barges. Based on the idea of using use hollow, sheet steel boxes as pontoons and