Site Character. Reduce earthwork by respecting the
character of the existing site, its topography and drainage patterns.
Observing these criteria will result in site elements fitting
comfortably into the terrain. Upon completion, structures should
appear as belonging on the site and enhance the site aesthetics. When
available and where appropriate, excess fill may be used for earth
berms to blend with existing topography and to partially screen service
and parking areas from offsite view.
Cut and Fill. Balance cut and fill for the entire site as
closely as possible to eliminate the need for hauling earth on or off
the site. If topography in areas for parking, roadways or other site
features requires cut or fill, appropriate selection of floor
elevations at the major structure provides a useful mechanism for
balancing excavation with backfilling for the entire site.
Winds. Consider prevailing wind direction when siting
health facilities near existing facilities whose functions may degrade
the air handling intakes of air-conditioned health facilities.
Site Noise. Analyze the project site acoustically to
determine existing noise sources and compatibility with the environment
required of a health care facility and applicable noise level reduction
requirements. Base noise data, including the air installation
compatible use zone (AICUZ) report, must be obtained from the
installation engineer's office during concept design.
When required, helicopter landing facilities will be
incorporated as a requirement of the health facility site development
plans. To preclude loss of time and effort in transporting patients
from the helicopter, the location of landing facilities should permit
manual transfer of patients to the emergency entrance of the hospital.
This distance should normally not exceed 60 meters.
The site plan will show the helipad with its clear landing
area, the approach-departure zones and take-off safety zones. Select
the site during early planning to preclude other supporting facilities
from encroaching upon a usable helipad site.
Site orientation of the helipad shall consider wind
direction and possible wind currents caused by nearby buildings and
Criteria for development of helipad facilities and
associated air space requirements are contained in TM 5-803-4
(reference 3d) or other applicable criteria supplied by the Design
Pavement design criteria are contained in TM 5-823-2
(reference 3e) and TM 5-823-3 (reference 3f) or other applicable
criteria supplied by the Design Agent.
Lighting design criteria are contained in TM 5-811-5