General. This section provides architectural design guidance.
All facilities should employ an economical, completely functional
architectural design. Designs are to be closely governed by standard
healthcare, Department of Defense, and Military Department specific
functional requirements and criteria specified herein. See Section 12,
Accessibility Provisions for the Disabled, for specific guidance on
External Design. Designs shall be compatible with the context
of the site and existing adjacent buildings. Colors, textures and forms
of existing buildings or other site features must be considered. Adhere
to applicable installation design guidance.
Building Exteriors. Exteriors (elevations) shall conform to
or be compatible with the styles of previously constructed permanent
facilities of the region or installation, governing Historic Preservation
Societies and established design guidance. To ensure compatibility,
observe and document during the site visit the physical features of the
site and the character and style of any surrounding building(s). Develop
elevations based on interior departmental functional relationships and
requirements. Where possible, take advantage of existing or developed
Building Materials. Exterior enclosure shall meet engineering
standards with respect to the environment, energy usage, materials and
methods of construction. In selecting building materials, give careful
consideration to technical criteria and the requirement for high
durability and minimal maintenance.
Roofing system(s) shall be compatible with structural framing
system(s), and provide a complete, readily repairable, waterproof roof.
The roofing system shall be durable, require minimal maintenance and
provide the fire ratings and classifications required by MIL-HDBK-1008
Roof slope(s) shall be not less than 21mm/meter (1/4
Solar Shading. Where air conditioning is not required,
adjustable blinds may be one of several design elements used to eliminate
direct sunlight glare. In climates where air conditioning is required,
solar shading should be accomplished by using any one or combination of
the following: solar shading screens or baffles, recessed exterior
windows, light-reducing glass, heat-absorbing tinted glass, reflective
glass, adjustable blinds. Provide an effective approach to shading of
exterior window areas that is life-cycle cost effective, compatible with
required comfort levels in working areas and aesthetically compatible with
the building design.
Internal Design. Consider the following factors that affect
the quality of a space in terms of their therapeutic effects: changes in
daylight, movement of air, changes in temperature, sights and sounds,