also be considered for mail rooms. See Section 11: Communications Systems
for information on electronic security systems.
Systems Design. Construction documents for electronic security
systems shall identify sensor locations and include floor plans,
schematics, riser diagrams, security equipment schedules and typical
details. Floor plans shall locate all monitoring and control equipment.
Security equipment schedules shall include room and door numbers, sensors,
alarm control panels, switches and access control devices. Electronic
security systems shall be provided with uninterruptible power sources,
dedicated electrical service panels, interfaces with installation security
systems, and local and remote alarms, as required by the using Military
Keys and Locks. The master key and lock plan for a facility
shall provide multiple levels of entry control. A master key system shall
be provided for all areas with the following exceptions. Separate keying
systems are required for pharmacies. Separate keying systems should also
be considered for medical supply storage areas or facilities; food service
facilities; exchange service facilities; mail rooms; mechanical, electrical
and communications equipment rooms; and housekeeping and janitorial rooms.
External Security. External security protection should be
provided primarily by proper illumination and by parking layouts that
minimize staff walking distances to entrances. Where possible, parking
areas should be located so that they can be viewed entirely from entry
control points within a facility such as the emergency department or other
primary entrances. Site landscaping adjacent to a facility should consider
physical security concerns, i.e., possible concealment of intruders, etc.
For those facilities that are not on installations or that are in remote
locations on installations, fencing should be considered at the site
perimeter. The entire perimeter should be well lighted with minimal use of
shrubs and trees for possible concealment of intruders.
Levels of Security Protection. The essential requirement is to
provide an appropriate level of security protection for personnel and
property. The objective is to decrease the opportunity for security
problems to develop. The following levels of security protection are
defined according to operational mission:
Medical Facilities Excluding Hospitals.
In addition to the
preceding security considerations:
Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS). Exterior doors and operable
windows shall be provided with IDS sensors with alarms monitored at the
installation security station and at other locations if required by the
using Military Department.
Other Considerations. Other basic security devices with local
and remote alarms shall be included for narcotics lockers, precious metals
safes, and medical supply storage areas or facilities.
In addition to the above, security shall be further
Traffic Patterns. Traffic patterns that can be controlled with
a minimum of entry control points during nighttime hours in a facility
staffed 24 hours a day. In hospitals where the emergency department
entrance is the only staffed entrance during these hours, visitors should
enter within direct control of the emergency department reception desk.
Other entrances such as those for dental or other clinics shall be locked