Circulation. Stairs, corridors, elevators, and other means of
circulation should occupy minimum space consistent with efficiency and safety.
Ancillary Spaces. Provisions for the following areas may be
required: utility areas, storage areas, coffee/vending areas, break-rooms,
conference areas, reproduction areas, minicomputer areas, word processing,
maintenance/janitorial/housekeeping areas, computer rooms, mailrooms, central
supply, and telephone switchboard.
Building Design and Materials. The building design and materials
shall be in compliance with the standards set forth in the Occupational Safety
and Health Act of 1970 (OSHA), Public Law 91-596, and all applicable DOD and
Navy safety and health requirements and conformance standards.
Colors. Colors shall be in accordance with NAVFAC P-309, Color for
Naval Shore Facilities; DM-1.01, Basic Architectural Requirements and Design
Considerations; and established Base color themes.
184.108.40.206 Color Perception. Color as perceived by the human eye is the product
of light wavelengths in the visible spectrum being absorbed and reflected from
an object. The degree of ray penetration depends on the texture and porosity
of the receiving object. Objects themselves have no color. The color of an
object is determined by its ability to absorb light rays. Thus, a color
surface will reflect the spectrum color it does not absorb. Yet, because
objects do not absorb the same quantity of light at each wavelength, various
colors are produced. A wall that appears blue to the eye is reflecting blue
rays while absorbing all others. White surfaces reflect all color, absorbing
none. Black surfaces absorb all wavelengths, reflecting none.
220.127.116.11 Color Properties. Color has three distinct properties: hue, value,
and intensity. Hue is the designation or name of a color, such as red. Value
is the designation for the brightness of a hue, its degree of lightness or
darkness. Intensity is the designation for the saturation of a hue. It is
the degree to which a hue is lacking any white pigment.
18.104.22.168 Cool Colors. Cool colors include blue, violet, green, blue-green,
and yellow-green and are considered psychologically relaxing and mentally
elevating when viewed above eye level. They appear spacious and enlightening
when viewed from the side and smooth and hard when viewed from below.
22.214.171.124 Warm Colors. Warm colors include red, red-orange, red-violet,
yellow, yellow-orange, and yellow-green and are considered stimulating when
they come from above. They produce a warm feeling when they come from the
side and have an elevating effect when positioned at eye level or below.
126.96.36.199 Emotional Responses to Color. Emotional responses to color are
influenced by viewing conditions, the manner in which color is used on
surrounding objects and surfaces, and the size and relationship of these
188.8.131.52 Mental Responses to Color. Color elicits various mental responses
that can stimulate the imagination and create, attract, and maintain interest.