Section 4: INTERIOR SYSTEMS REQUIREMENTS
Space Planning. Careful interior planning and design are necessary
for administration facilities in order to ensure the most efficient,
productive work environment. Space planning should originate in the
conceptual design stage of the project. Furniture and equipment layout
sketches should be developed in this early stage and incorporated into all
additional submittal stages. Consideration of methods to control natural
light and temperature effects should also be incorporated to assure that the
solutions are integrated into the total building concept. This process will
enable potential problems to be recognized and corrected.
Building Elements. Building elements such as building module,
column bay spacing, window-to-building core dimensions, and window spacing
should be evaluated as they relate to the sizes of offices, workstations, and
equipment outlined in the user program (Figure 1).
Floor Size and Building Configuration. Floor size and overall
building configurations should respond to the requirements of the user agency
Zoning Diagrams. To ensure maximum flexibility, zoning diagrams
should be developed to allow the best distribution of open or enclosed spaces
to respond to specific program data and management objectives (Figure 3).
Planning Criteria. Specific planning criteria should be developed
regarding entry, circulation, office placement, and workstation placement.
This criteria will become the basis of the initial space layout and for any
future changes. As such, they will maintain spatial clarity and ensure
optimum utilization of the facility.
Space Standards. Configurations and space standards for individual
workspaces should be developed for offices and workstations based upon
functional requirements, including worksurface, seating, storage,
meeting/supervisory activities, equipment, and privacy requirements.
Automated and Conventional Workstations. Automated workstations (an
organization of computer-interfaced equipment and task-supportive furniture
distinguished from the conventional workstation by the type and quantity of
equipment, the particular requirements of the tasks, and the criteria that
govern the design of its furnishings) require 10 to 15 percent more area than
conventional workstations (an organization of separate components that support
standard tasks and equipment such as typing and dictation).
VDT/Keyboard Configuration. VDT keyboard configurations require
deeper worksurfaces than conventional typewriters.
Conventional Task Space. Space must be provided for conventional
tasks in addition to electronic equipment.