Task Requirements. Consider what the person actually does and what
is required to accomplish the task. Issues for consideration include:
a) Frequency of meetings held in the work area and the number of
participants at each meeting.
b) Confidentiality of information handled and conversations held.
c) Number, duration, and purpose of telephone conversations.
d) Requirement for concentration and freedom from distractions in
order to plan, read, write, etc.
e) Storage for files, binders, reports, books, reference manuals,
f) Electronic equipment activities such as data entry, data
retrieval, word processing, programming.
There are three basic. furniture options:
Conventional Furniture. Conventional furniture such as desks,
chairs, tables, etc., accommodates tasks related to traditional work
activities and equipment (typing, reading, writing, dictation, etc.) but does
not always meet the needs of automated equipment. Some manufacturers are
developing furniture items to support automated equipment in a conventional
Systems/Modular Furniture. Structural panels that support work
surfaces, lighting, and storage components provide privacy and acoustical
control in an open environment. These systems allow great flexibility for
changing organizations and provide components to satisfy almost any need.
Combination. Screening panels and conventional furniture may be
used together to provide storage and privacy screening. This allows the reuse
of existing equipment if required. It is sometimes difficult to achieve the
optimum layout and space utilization with this approach.
Seating. The selection of the task chair is critical to the
personal comfort, physical health, and productivity of the occupant. Chair
selection should be based on the following guidelines:
a) Adjustability. Allow the individual to adjust the seat height,
back height, and tilt to meet his or her own needs.
b) Support. The chair should support the body in
position, relieving pressure on the back and legs. The seat
angle should be
sloped 3 to 5 degrees from front to back, and the front edge
designed to relieve pressure on the thighs. The back should
be shaped to
support the correct spinal curvature.
c) Seat Height. Proper seat height allows the feet to rest on the
floor while the thighs remain horizontal.