16 APRIL 2004
6-3.2 Structural Systems
Select a structural system that will achieve several design goals:
Provide a clear span structure, open from the pins to the back of the concourse.
Arrange the spanning structural elements parallel to the lanes for future expansion
Allow for high bay spaces for bowling, the concourse and other major activity areas.
Permit flexibility for reconfiguring the floor plan in the administration, food preparation,
and service areas.
Select the structural system based on achieving an economical system that meets
engineering standards, including consideration of:
Projected load requirements
Bearing conditions including subsoil and drainage considerations
Prevailing and available construction practices
Regulatory constraints including force protection standards, seismic loading, safety
issues, and climactic conditions.
6-3.3 Mechanical Systems
The Bowling Center is likely to be a single story building with large volume spaces. The
various activity areas will have differential operating requirements. Design considerations to
achieve an economical system in designing the HVAC systems for the Bowling Center
include the following items:
Load calculations shall be performed in accordance with ASHRAE standards, based
on local weather conditions, and the applicable energy code. Be aware of latent heat
as an HVAC design issue.
Mechanical systems shall be designed according to local code requirements. If local
codes are not in force, the International Mechanical Code (IMC)2000 shall be used.
Mechanical systems shall be designed according to the International Energy
Conservation Code 2000, ASHRAE 90.1 1999 or other applicable local energy
Ventilation shall be provided in accordance with ASHRAE Standard 62-2001.
A single hot water boiler, sized as defined above, shall provide heating. If central
steam is not available, the recommended fuel is natural gas. If gas is not available,
fuel oil or other locally available fuel may be used, stored in an above ground tank.
The tank shall be proved with containment and spill alarm systems.
Provide vent/flue for boiler and water heater.
Provide heating coils in air handling units for pre-heat, warm-up and unoccupied hours
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