DESIGN GUIDE: MUSIC AND DRAMA CENTERS
J A N U A R Y 1981
C H A P T E R 4: TECHNICAL PACKAGESTHEATER LIGHTING
throw and angle of adjustable aim. Frontlights
locations just behind the proscenium arch. One
must be adjustable in place from a technicians'
sidestage position on each side of the stage is
catwalk, and each spotlight must have a clear
generally associated with each overhead pair of
shot at the whole stage.
Balcony positions: Supplemental spotlighting
Stage floor positions: Footlight troughs, cy-
is sometimes mounted on fascias. The mount
clorama pit and deck boxes called "floor pock-
must have a pan to catch dropped filters and
ets" accept sub-surface instruments for wash-
burst lamps. Electricians also stand in the pan
lighting scenery and drops; footlights are rarely
to adjust the spotlights.
used to light actors but are commonly used to
light scenery. There may also be individual in-
Followspots and projectors: At least two in-
struments on portable stands.
struments per booth or platform is recom-
Proscenium positions: Slots alongside and
mended. One center position may be augmented
by one at each side. Booths may be shared with
above the proscenium on the house side contain
film projectors for scenic images. An incident
specials, wash, strip and spotlights in proximity
angle of 30-35 to the leading edge of stage may
to a personnel ladder giving access to the over-
in some cases permit movie projection on an
elevated screen. However, a separate film pro-
Sidewall positions: Vertical slots in the house
jection booth under the balcony or at the back
aisle is preferred.
walls or surface-mounted arms carry spotlights
essential for down-stage and forestage lighting.
Ceiling positions: Catwalks at or above the
exception of house and worklight autotrans-
former dimming from a position on stage, thea-
house ceiling carry the bulk of front lighting.
ter lighting makes use of indirect electronic dim-
They extend wall to wall. Critical dimensions are
ming controls operated from a small console in
incident angle to the actor's face, distance of