1 May 2006
clear, direct pathways. Provide separate vehicular access for a main entrance drop-off
area and for the service entrance.
Drop-off Areas and Bus Stops
Provide a loop road or similar drop-off area in front of the library. Consider the need for
a covered canopy for the drop-off and main entry areas. Consider the need for a
dedicated drop-off and pick-up lane near the front entrance that includes book and A/V
collection boxes for customer safety and convenience. Provide bus stops and shelters
conveniently located near the library with direct sidewalk access to the main entrance.
Consider the need for a dedicated bus drop-off lane near the building entrance and a
sign that reads, "Bus Drop-Off Lane Only. All Other Vehicles Prohibited."
The size of required service vehicles should be verified by the designer prior to planning
the service access areas. A back-up spur should be provided for dead-end and service
drives that exceed 30 meters (100 ft.) in length. Access should be near the loading
dock and receiving area. Provide a service vehicle apron and consolidate service
access, when possible. Screen or separate the service area from public use or traffic
areas with attractive fences, depressions, berms, and landscaping. Ensure proper
drainage if depressions are used. Do not cross outdoor activity areas with service
access. Ensure compliance with AT/FP standards, particularly for dumpster separation
and access control. Consult installation fire officials concerning emergency access.
Utilize indigenous plants that are appropriate for the climate and the local base
conditions. Landscape plantings can dramatically improve the first impression of a
facility and can also help control erosion. The existing landscape may also be utilized to
create stand-off distances required for effective AT/FP measures and to create buffer
zones around the facility. In some instances, landscaping may also reduce
maintenance requirements. Follow sustainable design principles for xeriscaping and
low water usage plant design. Do not use poisonous or toxic plants. Refer to the USAF
An exterior signage system should be developed in accordance with UFC 3-120-01, Air
Force Sign Standard. Exterior sign programs should be coordinated with the exterior
design of the building and local base standards. Signs should also identify the building,
parking areas, service areas, and facilities for the disabled. Provide information
regarding the library's hours of operation on exterior signage that is visible to customers
from their cars and at the entrance to the building.
General Site Lighting
Use lighting to highlight both customer and staff entrances after dark. Ensure that
parking areas and the facility have adequate lighting for safety, evacuation, and security
measures. Provide exterior lighting for parking areas and walkways utilizing high
intensity discharge light sources. Provide incandescent, low brightness exterior patio
lighting, as required.