Scope. Yards are places for the storage and sorting of railroad
cars. A freight terminal can also be a railroad yard. Larger yards usually
include car and locomotive service and maintenance facilities. Background
data for design and layout of yards can be found in the AREA Manual, Chapter
14, Yards and Terminals, and shall be used as a guide for new construction and
Features of a more general nature are
discussed as follows:
Fire Protection. Hydrants with hose houses shall be located to
comply with applicable codes and regulations. Chemical extinguishing systems
shall be installed where appropriate to protect against oil and electric
fires. For additional requirements see NAVFAC MIL-HDBK-1008, Fire Protection
for Facilities Engineering, Design and Construction.
Theft and Vandalism. Protective measures shall be carefully
considered in the design of yards.
Efficiency. Yards shall be designed for efficient switching and
handling tasks and to minimize delays and demurrage charges.
Expansion. Yard layouts shall provide for anticipated future
expansion so that the number and length of tracks in them may be increased as
required with minimum interference to operation or minimum relocation of
Track Capacity. In computing track capacity in terms of number of
cars, a minimum of 50 feet per car shall be used for all tracks other than
those to be used for special equipment.
Yard Lighting. Where necessary lighting should be installed
following the recommendations of the AREA Manual, Chapter 33, Part 10,
Drainage. An adequate drainage system is essential and shall be
installed so that it can be easily cleaned and maintained. See NAVFAC MIL-
systems, loud speakers, talkback, paging systems, television, telephones, and
radios shall be considered to expedite operations. See NAVFAC MIL-HDBK-
Track Arrangements. Main tracks should not pass through a yard,
but should be connected to yard tracks as directly as practicable. Crossovers
to facilitate all normal and regular movement in the yard, with minimum
interference between the different movements, shall be provided.
Body Tracks. A series of parallel tracks which could be part of a
storage, repair, receiving, classification, or departure yard shall have a
minimum of 14 feet between centers. Where a body track parallels a main or
important running track, a minimum of 20 feet between centers shall be
provided, subject to state regulations on clearances. See AREA Manual,
Chapter 28, Part 3, Section 3.6, Legal Clearance Requirements by States.