The energy efficiency of buildings at Naval installations can be greatly
improved through the use of passive solar heating strategies. These
strategies are universally applicable to new buildings of small to moderate
size and are also applicable to many existing buildings that are suitable
for retrofit. The purpose of this handbook is to provide the tools needed
by professionals involved in building design and/or evaluation who wish to
reduce the consumption of non-renewable energy resources for space heating.
Three types of tools are provided. First, a general discussion of the basic
concepts and principles of passive solar heating is presented to familiarize
the reader with this technology. Second, a set of guidelines is presented
for use during schematic design or for initial screening if an evaluation is
being performed. These guidelines enable the user to quickly define a
building that will perform in a cost effective manner at the intended
building site. Finally, a quantitative design-analysis procedure is
presented that enables the user to obtain an accurate estimate of the
auxiliary heating requirements of a particular passive solar design. This
procedure may be used to refine a schematic design based on the guidelines
already mentioned, or may be used to compare the merits of candidate designs
in a proposal evaluation.
These design procedures are an extension and refinement of an earlier
five-volume set of publications entitled "Design Calculation Procedure for
Passive Solar Houses at Navy Installations in:
Regions with Cold Climates - Volume I" CR 82.002
East Coast Regions with Temperate Climates - Volume II" CR 82.003,
Regions with Warm Humid Climates - Volume III" CR 82.004,
The Pacific Northwest - Volume IV" CR 82.005,
Warm California Climates - Volume V" CR 82.006.
The following improvements and additions should increase the usefulness of
the new manual:
than the original method.
Performance correlations for 187 reference passive solar designs
representing eight different types of systems are now available.
The design procedure has been generalized by characterizing different
climates with appropriate weather parameters, thereby eliminating the
need for separate regional documents.
The new document is applicable to townhouses and larger
dormitory-type buildings as well as detached single-family
residences. Office buildings or other structures of moderate size
are also amenable to analysis by the new procedures.
Performance correlations for passive solar retrofits to concrete
block and metal buildings are included in the manual. Because of the
prevalence of these types of construction at Naval installations, the
retrofit correlations should be especially useful.