12 December 2001
planning, design, construction, and maintenance phases of all projects. Refer to CEM
Sections V and VI-3-6.
Discussion. The Coastal Zone Management (CZMA) Act of 1972, PL 92-
583, establishes a national policy to preserve, protect, develop, and, where possible,
restore and enhance the resources of the coastal zone of the United States. DoD
Implementation of the Coastal Zone Management Act, DOD Instruction 4165.59 of 29
December 1975, authorized the Navy to implement programs to achieve the objectives
of PL 92-583. The Navy will cooperate and provide information on Navy programs
within the coastal zone to states responsible for developing state CZMA plans. Naval
operations, activities, projects, or programs affecting coastal lands or waters shall
insure that such undertakings, to the maximum extent practicable, comply with state-
approved coastal-zone programs.
Guidelines and Standards. All natural resources management
programs on naval installations in the coastal zone have potential effects on the coastal
zone and should be reviewed for consistency with approved state Coastal Zone
Management plans. The Navy shall develop, in cooperation with a designated state
agency, a set of criteria and standards for judging the consistency of natural resource
management programs with respect to approved state management programs.
Consistency determinations shall be made in accordance with provisions of PL 92-583.
Agricultural out lease of real property affecting land or water uses in the
coastal zone shall provide a certification that the proposed use complies with the
coastal state's approved program and that such usage will be conducted in a manner
consistent with the program.
Technical assistance requested by the states to assist their
implementation of CZMA will be provided to the extent practicable. Data collected by
the Navy on subjects such as beach erosion, hydrology, meteorology, and navigation
may be useful for coastal-zone planning and shall be made available.
Natural Resource Protection Criteria. In recognition of the intrinsic
value of natural resources, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969,
amended in 1970, 1975, and 1982, provides a vehicle for arresting any rapid
degradation and destruction of critical natural resources. Appropriate permitting
procedures shall be followed by the design team prior to beginning any activity that will
be located in, on, or over any protected natural resource or is located adjacent to an
activity that will cause material or soil to impact coastal wildlife habitats, among others.
The importance of working to conserve and restore endangered and threatened
species and the ecosystems upon which they depend on for survival is also recognized
via the Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973 and the Marine Mammal Protection Act
of 1972. The attendant dredging, displacement, and filling of soil during construction
projects in the coastal zone underlines the necessity for the Navy to address natural
resource protection issues early in the planning process.