and guide a person through decision points to the parking area nearest to
the entrance needed. Building entrance signs must be visible from that
point. Group the information with left-pointing arrows at the top,
up-pointing arrows next, and right-pointing arrows at bottom. Always
place the EMERGENCY sign at the top of a directional signage group.
Provide EMERGENCY directional signage at each entry drive to the medical
facility campus. All EMERGENCY signage shall be on emergency power.
Provide building entrance identification signs for each major
entrance to a facility. The sign shall describe the purpose of the
entrance, that is, Main Entrance, Clinic Entrance, Dental Clinic, or
other specific activity intended to be reached by the public primarily
through that entrance. See Section 10 for lighted exterior signs. The
EMERGENCY entrance must be marked by an internally illuminated sign in
accordance with local area requirements and Department of Transportation
Signage Standards (reference 21c). Building entrance signs must be
visible to traffic approaching the building, in a contrasting color to
the building and made of non-corrosive materials. If the design of the
building lends itself to a building mounted sign, such a sign may be
used; however, consideration must be given to the possibility of future
functional changes which could render the sign obsolete. If this type is
used, it must be easily removed and/or accommodate changes to the
message. Include hours of operation for appropriate facilities, e.g.
smaller clinics. Coordinate building entrance signs with landscape
materials so that the landscaping, at maturity, will not obstruct the
In large parking lots, include pole mounted signs which
identify the row and lot designation, mounted at a minimum of 2500mm
above grade, with a minimum letter height of 400mm. Color may also be
used to identify lot designations in addition to the lot and row
markings. Where exterior signs are located along walkways to the MTF
from the parking areas, coordinate signs with landscape materials so that
the landscaping, at maturity, will not obstruct the signs.
Coordinate sign lettering height with the anticipated traffic
speed in the area, so that the sign message is legible to oncoming
traffic, well in advance of the entry point to a parking area or turn.
Recommended minimum letter height on directional signs is 150mm.
Parking designation signs shall also be provided. The most
common types include Visitor Parking, Staff Parking and Outpatient
Parking. Other types may be considered as local conditions dictate.
Where multiple bay loading docks are provided, each bay shall be
"No Smoking" signs, with pictogram, shall be provided within
15 meters from all main entrances of a medical facility.
188.8.131.52 The design of a wayfinding system in a medical facility
presents many challenges to the designer. The following elements must be
carefully considered by the designer:
a. Knowing where you are
b. Knowing what your destination is
c. Knowing and following the best route to your destination
d. Recognizing your destination upon arrival
e. Finding your way back