26 September 2006
Facility and Occupant Characteristics.
The facility characteristics include an accurate and complete description of the
building construction, operations, systems, physical contents and occupants.
The occupant characteristic description includes the number, age, facility
familiarity, gender, occupant loading, and potential for self-preservation of a
facility's occupants. Accurately identify any necessary occupant response and
interaction needed to provide hazard mitigation or securing of specific process or
operational equipment. The occupant load is the maximum number of people
realistically expected to occupy an area, as agreed upon by the stakeholders, but
not less than the prescriptive occupant load densities of NFPA 101.
Detail and document the goals of life safety, property protection, continuity of
operations, and the limitation of the environmental impact of the fire, as defined
by NFPA 101, and as additionally defined by the stakeholders. Adequately
address the allied fire safety goals of historic preservation and environmental
protection from fire protection measures. Identify each goal - realistically,
quantifiably, and remaining constant throughout the design process. Address
each goal by each proposed trial design, regardless of the goal's individual
Objectives and Acceptable Levels of Risk.
Clearly identify stakeholder and design objectives associated with each of the
required and user-defined goals.
Stakeholder objectives are the specific project objectives based
upon agreed fire safety goals and should be stated in terms of objectives,
functional statements, or performance objectives. Stakeholders' objectives may
be defined in terms of acceptable or sustainable loss or in terms of an acceptable
level of risk. Where a design requires the determination of an acceptable level of
risk, the authority having jurisdiction must ensure that the appropriate
stakeholders make the determination. The level of risk may affect an entire
base/community/command; therefore it is essential to ensure the person
determining the level of risk is authorized to do so.
Design objectives are developed by the design engineer based on
the stakeholder objectives, and is stated in engineering terms. Use design
objectives as the basis for the development of performance criteria, against
which the predicted performance of a trial design will be evaluated.
Develop quantitative performance criteria to represent the intent of each design
objective and retained prescriptive requirement. Completely describe and
document these criteria. The performance criteria reflect the event