220.127.116.11 Color Application. A conservative approach to color is best for
small enclosed spaces, such as interior offices. Too much intense hue will
psychologically tire an occupant quickly.
18.104.22.168 Value and Intensity of Hue. Value and intensity of hue play crucial
roles in the specification of color. The lighter, more pastel, and neutral
values provide better design solutions for background areas of floors, walls,
and ceilings. Neutral colors are less inhibitive when used in materials and
furnishings. They reflect light better, provide an open expansion to the
space, and support the use of deep value accents or patterned materials.
22.214.171.124 Strong Colors. Strong colors, if used too extensively on one side
of a room, create a spatial imbalance.
126.96.36.199 Pale Pastel Colors. Pale, pastel colors make walls look light,
contributing to a feeling of openness. In a small room, walls can be made to
seem to recede by painting them in light values of cool colors such as green
or blue. Saturated colors absorb a great deal of light, contributing to a
sense of heaviness.
188.8.131.52 Principles of Spatial Manipulation. The following statements are
principles of spatial manipulation through the use of color:
a) Dark ceilings will visually lower the apparent height of a room.
b) Dark or strong-valued ceilings and floors will jointly unify a
c) Light ceilings will visually increase the apparent height of a
room, while light walls will expand a space.
d) Strong color on an end wall will visually shorten the length of
Conversely, cool colors will recede a plane.
e) Strong color on a wall will call attention to itself.
f) A brightly colored wall will appear larger than it actually is,
because the retina is more actively stimulated than with a greyed hue.
g) A light wall will emphasize dark objects placed in front of it.
h) A dark wall will make light colors or tints appear brighter.
i) Color can direct movement through a space: in furnishings, in
graphics, or through the relationship of colors between surrounding and
j) Light objects will appear larger in dimension against a white
k) In order to balance light and dark areas in relation to one
another, light areas should be smaller in size than dark areas.